How to Import Export Excel File in Laravel 8 using Maatwebsite Excel Package


How to Import Export Excel File in Laravel 8 using Maatwebsite Excel Package

In this tutorial, we will learn how to import export excel file in laravel 8 using maatwebsite excel package.

Generally, we enter a small amount of data in the database manually from our application but sometimes we need to enter a large amount of data in the database then it is almost impossible to enter thousands of data in the database.

We can do it with the help of importing an excel file from the blade template of the file from our laravel application.

How to Import Export Excel File in Laravel 8 using Maatwebsite Excel Package

Required steps to import export excel file in laravel 8 application

Step 1:- Create a new project in laravel 8.

If you don’t know how to create a new project in laravel 8 then please follow the below link.

How to create laravel project from scratch step by step

Step 2:- Configure the database as shown below

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=laravel
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=

Step 3:- Create a table in the database to import the data in that table.

CREATE TABLE employee (
id int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
name varchar(255) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
age varchar(20) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
department varchar(255) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci DEFAULT NULL,
created_at timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT current_timestamp() ON UPDATE current_timestamp(),
updated_at timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT ‘0000-00-00 00:00:00’,
PRIMARY KEY (id)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=3 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_unicode_ci

Step 4:- Now, install the maatwebsite/excel package using the command terminal as shown below

composer require maatwebsite/excel

Step 5:- Now, open the config/app.php which is located inside the config directory of the application and the service provider and aliase as shown below

'providers' => [
  Maatwebsite\Excel\ExcelServiceProvider::class,
 ],  
 'aliases' => [ 
  'Excel' => Maatwebsite\Excel\Facades\Excel::class,
 ], 

Step 6:- Now, publish the maatwebsite/excel package configuration by using the below command.

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Maatwebsite\Excel\ExcelServiceProvider"

Step 7:- Now, create your routes in the routes/web.php file under the routes folder as shown below

//for import export
Route::get('/importexport',[App\Http\Controllers\ImportExportController::class, 'index']);
Route::post('/importxls',[App\Http\Controllers\ImportExportController::class, 'import_xls']);
Route::get('/exportxls',[App\Http\Controllers\ImportExportController::class, 'export_xls']);

Step 8:- Now, we have to create an import class under app\imports by using the below command in the command terminal as shown below

php artisan make:import EmployeeImport --model=Employee

here I am using Employee because my table name is employee. You can change as per your choice.

The above command will create an import class as app\Imports\EmployeeImport.php

add the below code in app\Imports\EmployeeImport.php

<?php
namespace App\Imports;
use App\Models\Employee;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\ToModel;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithHeadingRow;

class EmployeeImport implements ToModel, WithHeadingRow
{
    /**
    * @param array $row
    *
    * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model|null
    */
    public function model(array $row)
    {
        return new Employee([
            //
            'name'=>$row['name'],
            'age'=>$row['age'],
            'department'=>$row['department'],
        ]);
    }
}

Note:- WithHeadingRow is used if your excel file contains the header names for your column values.

Step 9:- Now, we have to create an export class under app\exports by using the below command in the command terminal as shown below

php artisan make:export EmployeeExport --model=Employee

Now, add the below code in app\Exports\EmployeeExport.php

<?php
namespace App\Exports;
use App\Models\Employee;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\FromCollection;

class EmployeeExport implements FromCollection
{
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function collection()
    {
        return Employee::all();
    }
}

Step 10:- Now, create a controller by using the below command

php artisan make:controller ImportExportController

ImportExportController.php:-

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Models\Employee;
use App\Exports\EmployeeExport;
use App\Imports\EmployeeImport;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Facades\Excel;

class ImportExportController extends Controller
{
    //
    public function index(){

        $data = Employee::all();

    	return view('importexportxls',compact('data'));
    }

    public function import_xls(Request $request){

    	$this->validate($request, [
	      'upload_xls'  => 'required|mimes:xls,xlsx'
	     ]);
        Excel::import(new EmployeeImport,$request->file('upload_xls'));
 
            
        return redirect('importexport')->with('status', 'Imported Successfully');
    }

    public function export_xls() 
    {
        return Excel::download(new EmployeeExport, 'Employee.xlsx');
    }
}

Step 11:- Now, create a blade file under the resources/views folder from where we can import the excel files.

importexportxls.blade.php:-

@extends('layouts.app')
@section('content')
<div class="container">
    <div class="row justify-content-center">
        <div class="col-md-8">
            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header"></div>

                <div class="card-body">
                    @if (session('status'))
                        <div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
                            {{ session('status') }}
                        </div>
                    @endif
                    <h3>Import Excel / xls / xlsx</h3>
           <form method="POST" action="/importxls" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                @csrf
                  <div class="form-group row">
                    <label for="Payslip" class="col-md-4 col-form-label text-md-right"><b>{{ __('Excel / xls / xlsx') }}</b></label>

                    <div class="col-md-6">
                        <input type="file" class="form-control form-control-sm" name="upload_xls" onchange="readURL(this);">

                        @if ($errors->has('upload_xls'))
                            <span class="invalid-feedback" role="alert">
                                <strong>{{ $errors->first('upload_payslip') }}</strong>
                            </span>
                        @endif
                    </div>
                </div>
              <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success btn-block btn-sm">{{ __('Upload') }}</button>
         </form>
      <br>
      <a href="/exportxls" class="btn btn-info btn-sm" style="color: white;">Export</a><br><br>
                   <div class="table-responsive">
                        <table id="example6" class="table table-bordered table-hover">
                          <thead>
                               <tr>
                                   <th>SL No.</th>
                                   <th>Name</th>
                                   <th>Age</th>
                                   <th>Department</th>
                                </tr>
                           </thead>
                          <tbody>
                         @foreach($data as $key=>$value)
                            <tr>
                              <td>{{$key+1}}</td>
                              <td>{{$value->name}}</td>
                              <td>{{$value->age}}</td>
                              <td>{{$value->department}}</td>
                            </tr>  
                         @endforeach
                       </tbody>
                   </table>
                 </div>
                </div>
              </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
@endsection

Step 12:- Now, run the development server to start your laravel application by using the below command.

php artisan serve

Step 13:- Now, open your browser and hit the below URL to import the excel files( xls and xlsx ).

http://127.0.0.1:8000/importexport

Conclusion:- I hope this tutorial will help you to understand the import export excel file in laravel 8. If there is any doubt then please leave a comment below


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